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Ubuntu 解决 /etc/rc.local 开机启动问题

由于某些软件并没有增加开启启动的服务,很多时候需要手工添加,一般我们都是推荐添加命令到 /etc/rc.local 文件,但是 Ubuntu 默认不带 /etc/rc.local 文件,而 rc.local 服务却还是自带的

很多时候有些程序或者脚本都需要添加开机自启,最简单的方法就是使用rc.local自启,不过由于系统版本更替,很多新版本系统都没有rc.local文件了,比如Debian 9、Ubuntu 17.10、Ubuntu 18.04。这时候就需要我们手动设置下。

root@ubuntu ~ # cat /etc/systemd/system/rc-local.service
# cat /lib/systemd/system/rc.local.service
#  This file is part of systemd.
#
#  systemd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
#  under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
#  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
#  (at your option) any later version.

# This unit gets pulled automatically into multi-user.target by
# systemd-rc-local-generator if /etc/rc.local is executable.
[Unit]
Description=/etc/rc.local Compatibility
ConditionFileIsExecutable=/etc/rc.local
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start
TimeoutSec=0
RemainAfterExit=yes
GuessMainPID=no
并且默认情况下这个服务还是关闭的状态
root@ubuntu ~ # systemctl status rc-local
● rc-local.service - /etc/rc.local Compatibility
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service; static; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service.d
           └─debian.conf
   Active: inactive (dead)

1、添加rc-local.service

#以下为一整条命令,一起复制运行
cat > /etc/systemd/system/rc-local.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=/etc/rc.local
ConditionPathExists=/etc/rc.local
 
[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start
TimeoutSec=0
StandardOutput=tty
RemainAfterExit=yes
SysVStartPriority=99
 
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

2、添加一个 /etc/rc.local 文件

#以下为一整条命令,一起复制运行
cat <<EOF >/etc/rc.local
#!/bin/sh -e
#
# rc.local
#
# This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel.
# Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other
# value on error.
#
# In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution
# bits.
#
# By default this script does nothing.

exit 0
EOF

3、添加权限并设置开机自启

chmod +x /etc/rc.local
systemctl enable rc-local
systemctl start rc-local.service

检查状态:
systemctl status rc-local.service

返回Active:active信息,则成功。

再次查看状态

root@ubuntu ~ # systemctl status rc-local
● rc-local.service - /etc/rc.local Compatibility
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service; static; vendor preset: enabled)
  Drop-In: /lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service.d
           └─debian.conf
   Active: active (exited) since Thu 2017-08-03 09:41:18 UTC; 14s ago
  Process: 20901 ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Aug 03 09:41:18 xtom-hk systemd[1]: Starting /etc/rc.local Compatibility...
Aug 03 09:41:18 xtom-hk systemd[1]: Started /etc/rc.local Compatibility.

然后你就可以把需要开机启动的命令添加到 /etc/rc.local 文件,丢在 exit 0 前面即可,并尝试重启以后试试是否生效了

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