为什么要装 VMware Tools?
因为它可以改善 Virtual Machine 的运行性能,而且可以让 Host OS 和 Guest OS 互通有无,这样我们就不用伤脑筋,要架设什么服务器,来沟通两个 OS,现在就让我们开始吧!

最小化安装的centos少一些安装vmware tools的必要工具,先安装这些工具再安装vmware tools能省不少力气。

CentOS更新源设置及系统更新 不更新内核和版本号的设置方法

一:安装VMware Tools的之前必装的工具套件方法如下:

Centos安装VMware Tools:
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# su root

切换为 root

安装必要的工具套件:
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y install perl gcc gcc-c++ automake make kernel kernel-headers kernel-devel
[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum install kernel-devel $(uname -r)
[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# uname -r

然后更新kernel
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y update kernel

检查一下
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# rpm -qa | grep kernel

Perl是必选的,否则无法安装VMWare Tools,system managerment tools,network tools必选的,否则无法上网,其他的看着选吧。
一定要重新启动,因为新安装的 kernel 要 reboot 后才生效;稍后执行 vmware-install.pl 会根据目前使用 kernel 版本去找某些档案,若不 reboot,新安装的 kernel-headers kernel-devel 若版本较新,会出现档案找不到的情况

[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl

如果安装过程中提示找不到kernel header,可以手动输入一个路径,centos在 /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include,比如:

Searching for a valid kernel header path...
The path "" is not valid.
Would you like to change it? [yes] yes

What is the location of the directory of C header files that match your running
kernel? /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include

The path "/usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include" appears to be a valid
path to the kernel headers of the running kernel.
Would you like to change it? [no]

kernel-devel要安装对应版本的才行,如果添加了remi或epel源不指定版本默认安装最新版本,如果和当前版本不一致导致vmware tools安装失败,可以使用uname -r 查看当前版本,最后不得不说yum这东西真他X的方便。

二:VMware Tools的安装方法如下:
VMware Tools所在位置:VMware 安装路径 \VMware\VMware Workstation\linux.iso

[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# mount /cdrom
# 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像!
# 有的时候,可能是media 就应该 cd /media 进行操作!
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /cdrom
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# ls -a
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /tmp
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

# 安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?

[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is goingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]
Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]
Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

pcnet32 30153 0
Unloading pcnet32 module

Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

Detected X.org version 6.8.

关闭控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]
启动控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]

Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13):

# 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024x768 为例

# VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件

[1] "640x480"
[2]< "800x600"
[3] "1024x768"
[4] "1152x864"
[5] "1280x800"
[6] "1152x900"
[7] "1280x1024"
[8] "1376x1032"
[9] "1400x1050"
[10] "1680x1050"
[11] "1600x1200"
[12] "1920x1200"
[13] "2364x1773"
Please enter a number between 1 and 13:
[2] 3
X Window System Version 6.8.2
Release Date: 9 February 2005
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]
Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686
Build Date: 04 May 2006
Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org

Before reporting problems, check [url]http://wiki.X.Org[/url]
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Module Loader present
OS Kernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gcc version 3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 P
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006
(++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131"
(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)

X is running fine with the new config file.

Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Switching to guest configuration: [ 确定 ]
Guest filesystem driver: [ 确定 ]
DMA setup: [ 确定 ]
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]

The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session.

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/network stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/network start

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now

# 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让 VMware Tools 生效

仅有一条评论
  1. mk
    mk :

    按你的操作一切顺利,特来留言感谢。