标签 "VMware" 下的文章

前段时间换了新电脑后,在 Windows 8 操作系统下安装了最新版本的 VMware Workstation 10,创建完 Windows Server 2008 后进入虚拟机发现系统运行非常缓慢,这个情况让我十分苦恼。

经过多次更改设置、优化 Windows Server 2008等,终于发现关键问题之所在,并做如下操作即可解决虚拟机运行缓慢、狂读硬盘的问题:

在“虚拟机设置”中更改“硬盘”的“高级……”设置,将其“模式”选上“独立”,如下图所示,更改后再启动虚拟机,其运行速度有很大改善。
2013110781737729

虚拟机硬盘设置参数说明

VMware虚拟硬盘包括两种模式:独立的与非独立的。

默认情况下,硬盘都属于非独立的模式这种模式的硬盘可以创建快照并且可以在需要的时候回复到快照时的状态,这在做试验与测试时非常有用
而在“独立”模式下,包括永久(persistent)与非永久(nopersistent)两种状态,在永久状态下,磁盘的行为就好像物理计算机上的常规磁盘驱动器,向一个处于永久模式的磁盘写入,所有数据被永久性地写入此磁盘;
而在非永久状态下,对磁盘所做的更改不保存到磁盘,在虚拟机关机或者复位时丢失。对于总是希望虚拟机启动时处于相同状态的人而言,非永久模式非常方便,其实际应用包括为软件测试和给予技术支持的用户提供已知的环境,也包括进行软件的演示。

其实永久非永久在设置里面已经说的很清楚了。永久,就是你的数据不受快照的影响,如果你还原系统状态还是还原快照,都不会影响这个持久硬盘的数据,所以这种独立硬盘一般存放开发的源代码和重要文档,这样如果还原快照就不会造成数据丢失,而非永久就是当你还原快照的时候,你的硬盘数据也会还原,还原点以前存放的数据就会丢失。

至于后面的0:0,0:1,就是磁盘标注,就是第几块硬盘,这种标注只对Linux系统的文件结构有用,对windows就很难理解了。其实就是在根目录下挂在几个磁盘,第一个标注0,第二个标注为1,在linux下就显示为sda或者sdb之类的,这是linux或者采用虚拟磁盘技术必须搞清楚的,磁盘矩阵(管理成千上万个磁盘的时候)一般采用这种方式管理。

在虚拟机中安装了Ubuntu,很多命令键与VMware的快捷键冲突,好比这个图形界面的切换

就很让人郁闷,在网上查了图形到命令行终端是Crtl+Alt+F1/F2/F3/F4/F5 竟全不管用了

还好在一篇文章中找到了答案,在此写下,方便以后查阅:
ctrl + shift + alt + F1 是切到终端模式
Alt+F7 切到图形界面
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PS:就这么个小小的问题,花了不少时间,抓狂
还有进入终端字符界面后,会提示输入用户名和密码,提醒不能使用数字小键盘,又是个小小的问题,看来搜索技术资料还是google不错

VMware WorkStation 10 虚拟机模拟了物理机开机时的主板自检“嘀嘀”声。声音来自主板,而非系统音响喇叭,关闭了Windows音量也是无效的。

要去掉这烦人的声音,采用以下方法:
不要正在运行VMware WorkStation 10。开启Windows的显示隐藏文件(包括系统文件)的功能。进入

C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\VMware\VMware Workstation

目录或

C:\ProgramData\VMware\VMware Workstation

目录,找到config.ini这个文件,用记事本打开,添加一行,保存。

mks.noBeep = "TRUE"

2232378040392714904注:config.ini文件路径在不同的Windows系统里可能不都是上图那样,下图就不一样了。

4902449669469638705

 

为什么要装 VMware Tools?
因为它可以改善 Virtual Machine 的运行性能,而且可以让 Host OS 和 Guest OS 互通有无,这样我们就不用伤脑筋,要架设什么服务器,来沟通两个 OS,现在就让我们开始吧!

最小化安装的centos少一些安装vmware tools的必要工具,先安装这些工具再安装vmware tools能省不少力气。

CentOS更新源设置及系统更新 不更新内核和版本号的设置方法

一:安装VMware Tools的之前必装的工具套件方法如下:

Centos安装VMware Tools:
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# su root

切换为 root

安装必要的工具套件:
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y install perl gcc gcc-c++ automake make kernel kernel-headers kernel-devel
[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum install kernel-devel $(uname -r)
[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# uname -r

然后更新kernel
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y update kernel

检查一下
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# rpm -qa | grep kernel

Perl是必选的,否则无法安装VMWare Tools,system managerment tools,network tools必选的,否则无法上网,其他的看着选吧。
一定要重新启动,因为新安装的 kernel 要 reboot 后才生效;稍后执行 vmware-install.pl 会根据目前使用 kernel 版本去找某些档案,若不 reboot,新安装的 kernel-headers kernel-devel 若版本较新,会出现档案找不到的情况

[root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl

如果安装过程中提示找不到kernel header,可以手动输入一个路径,centos在 /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include,比如:

Searching for a valid kernel header path...
The path "" is not valid.
Would you like to change it? [yes] yes

What is the location of the directory of C header files that match your running
kernel? /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include

The path "/usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include" appears to be a valid
path to the kernel headers of the running kernel.
Would you like to change it? [no]

kernel-devel要安装对应版本的才行,如果添加了remi或epel源不指定版本默认安装最新版本,如果和当前版本不一致导致vmware tools安装失败,可以使用uname -r 查看当前版本,最后不得不说yum这东西真他X的方便。

二:VMware Tools的安装方法如下:
VMware Tools所在位置:VMware 安装路径 \VMware\VMware Workstation\linux.iso

[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# mount /cdrom
# 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像!
# 有的时候,可能是media 就应该 cd /media 进行操作!
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /cdrom
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# ls -a
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /tmp
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz
[root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib
[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

# 安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?

[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is goingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]
Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]
Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

pcnet32 30153 0
Unloading pcnet32 module

Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

Detected X.org version 6.8.

关闭控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]
启动控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]

Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13):

# 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024x768 为例

# VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件

[1] "640x480"
[2]< "800x600"
[3] "1024x768"
[4] "1152x864"
[5] "1280x800"
[6] "1152x900"
[7] "1280x1024"
[8] "1376x1032"
[9] "1400x1050"
[10] "1680x1050"
[11] "1600x1200"
[12] "1920x1200"
[13] "2364x1773"
Please enter a number between 1 and 13:
[2] 3
X Window System Version 6.8.2
Release Date: 9 February 2005
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]
Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686
Build Date: 04 May 2006
Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org

Before reporting problems, check [url]http://wiki.X.Org[/url]
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Module Loader present
OS Kernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gcc version 3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 P
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006
(++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131"
(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)

X is running fine with the new config file.

Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Switching to guest configuration: [ 确定 ]
Guest filesystem driver: [ 确定 ]
DMA setup: [ 确定 ]
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]

The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session.

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/network stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/network start

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

[root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now

# 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让 VMware Tools 生效

VMware虚拟机安装Centos6.2,使用图形安装提示Error processing drive的解决办法!

今天VMware虚拟机安装Centos6.2时,只有字符画界面没有图形界面,而且出现如下的错误:

Error processing drive:
pci-0000:00:10-scsi-0:0:0:0
20480MB
VMware,VMware Virtual S
This device may need to be reinitialized.
REINITIALIZING WILL CAUSE ALL DATA TO BE LOST!
This action may also be applied to all other disks
needing reinitialization.

Device details:
pci-0000:00:10.0-scsi-0:0:0:0

底下有四个按钮,Ignore、Ignore all、Re-initialize、Re-initialize all
另外,我选择Re-initialize以后,是选择时区,然后是设置root密码,然后就是分区了,为什么不能自定义分区呢?选择了OK以后,直接就开始安装了,设置是不是有点太简单了?

为什么不能自定义分区呢?

解决办法如下:

后来在qq群里面讨论了一下,知道是“虚拟机的内存太小”,不支持图形化界面。我看了我分的虚拟机内存是512M,我把虚拟机的内存改为1G后,再次重新启动运行安装。
就已经可以正常安装了!