upgrade 和 apt-get
例如软件包 a 原先依赖 b c d，但是在源里面可能已经升级了，现在是 a 依赖 b c e。这种情况下，dist-upgrade 会删除 d 安装 e，并把 a 软件包升级，而 upgrade 会认为依赖关系改变而拒绝升级 a 软件包。
upgrade: upgrade is used to install the newest versions of all packages currently installed on the system from the sources enumerated in /etc/apt/sources.list. Packages currently installed with new versions available are retrieved and upgraded; under no circumstances are currently installed packages removed, or packages not already installed retrieved and installed. New versions of currently installed packages that cannot be upgraded without changing the install status of another package will be left at their current version. An update must be performed first so that apt-get knows that new versions of packages are available.
dist-upgrade: dist-upgrade in addition to performing the function of upgrade, also intelligently handles changing dependencies with new versions of packages; apt-get has a "smart" conflict resolution system, and it will attempt to upgrade the most important packages at the expense of less