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VMware Workstation下Centos安装VMware Tools的解决方法

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为什么要装 VMware Tools? 因为它可以改善 Virtual Machine 的运行性能,而且可以让 Host OS 和 Guest OS 互通有无,这样我们就不用伤脑筋,要架设什么服务器,来沟通两个 OS,现在就让我们开始吧! 最小化安装的centos少一些安装vmware tools的必要工具,先安装这些工具再安装vmware tools能省不少力气。 CentOS更新源设置及系统更新 不更新内核和版本号的设置方法 一:安装VMware Tools的之前必装的工具套件方法如下: Centos安装VMware Tools: [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# su root 切换为 root 安装必要的工具套件: [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y install perl gcc gcc-c++ automake make kernel kernel-headers kernel-devel [root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum install kernel-devel $(uname -r) [root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# uname -r 然后更新kernel [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# yum -y update kernel 检查一下 [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# rpm -qa | grep kernel Perl是必选的,否则无法安装VMWare Tools,system managerment tools,network tools必选的,否则无法上网,其他的看着选吧。 一定要重新启动,因为新安装的 kernel 要 reboot 后才生效;稍后执行 vmware-install.pl 会根据目前使用 kernel 版本去找某些档案,若不 reboot,新安装的 kernel-headers kernel-devel 若版本较新,会出现档案找不到的情况 [root@centos-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl 如果安装过程中提示找不到kernel header,可以手动输入一个路径,centos在 /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include,比如: Searching for a valid kernel header path... The path "" is not valid. Would you like to change it? [yes] yes What is the location of the directory of C header files that match your running kernel? /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include The path "/usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-220.el6.i686/include" appears to be a valid path to the kernel headers of the running kernel. Would you like to change it? [no] kernel-devel要安装对应版本的才行,如果添加了remi或epel源不指定版本默认安装最新版本,如果和当前版本不一致导致vmware tools安装失败,可以使用uname -r 查看当前版本,最后不得不说yum这东西真他X的方便。 二:VMware Tools的安装方法如下: VMware Tools所在位置:VMware 安装路径 \VMware\VMware Workstation\linux.iso [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# mount /cdrom # 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像! # 有的时候,可能是media 就应该 cd /media 进行操作! [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /cdrom [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# ls -a [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd /tmp [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz [root@piaoyun-vm ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format. Installing the content of the package. # 安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了 In which directory do you want to install the binary files? [/usr/bin] What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? [/etc/rc.d] What is the directory that contains the init scripts? [/etc/rc.d/init.d] In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? [/usr/sbin] In which directory do you want to install the library files? [/usr/lib/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is goingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl". Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine: Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ] Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel. The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel. pcnet32 30153 0 Unloading pcnet32 module Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel. The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel. Detected X.org version 6.8. 关闭控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ] 启动控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ] Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13): # 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024x768 为例 # VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件 [1] "640x480" [2]< "800x600" [3] "1024x768" [4] "1152x864" [5] "1280x800" [6] "1152x900" [7] "1280x1024" [8] "1376x1032" [9] "1400x1050" [10] "1680x1050" [11] "1600x1200" [12] "1920x1200" [13] "2364x1773" Please enter a number between 1 and 13: [2] 3 X Window System Version 6.8.2 Release Date: 9 February 2005 X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2 Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF] Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686 Build Date: 04 May 2006 Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org Before reporting problems, check [url]http://wiki.X.Org[/url] to make sure that you have the latest version. Module Loader present OS Kernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gcc version 3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 P Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting, (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational, (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown. (++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006 (++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131" (WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000) X is running fine with the new config file. Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine: Switching to guest configuration: [ 确定 ] Guest filesystem driver: [ 确定 ] DMA setup: [ 确定 ] Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ] The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running kernel completed successfully. You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take effect. You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session. To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands: /etc/init.d/network stop rmmod pcnet32 rmmod vmxnet depmod -a modprobe vmxnet /etc/init.d/network start Enjoy, --the VMware team [root@piaoyun-vm vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now # 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让 VMware Tools 生效

标签: centosVMware

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